Agroforestry is the new game-changer for UK agriculture

At a recent meeting with representatives from the Farm Woodland Forum (the UK’s agroforestry forum), Farming Minister George Eustice MP, expressed a keen commitment to include agroforestry in future domestic Agricultural Policy post Brexit.

The ministerial meeting comes at a time when agroforestry farming systems are receiving considerable recognition for their economic, environmental and livestock welfare benefits across Europe. This is reflected in a new European-funded research project called AFINET (AgroForestry Innovation NETworks) which is being led in the UK by the Organic Research Centre and Abacus Agriculture.

AFINET has attracted 2,000,000 Euros under the European Commission’s H2020 programme. Involving 13 partners from nine European regions. The project aims to promote agroforestry implementation throughout Europe by improving knowledge on the management and design of agroforestry systems.

we rank the lowest for woodland density in Europe

Dr Jo Smith, from the Organic Research Centre who is leading AFINET in the UK with Abacus Agriculture in collaboration with the Farm Woodland Forum* said, “In 2016 the UK missed its target for planting woodland by 93% and we rank the lowest for woodland density in Europe. However, this figure could be significantly reduced by incorporating agroforestry into the farmed landscape”

Dr Smith continues, “The UK currently undervalues agroforestry although there is substantial potential to be unleashed in terms of climate change, enhancing biodiversity and improving water quality. Agroforestry also offers considerable welfare benefits for livestock and can help to keep agriculture competitive. We have been impressed by the interest in agroforestry by farmers in the UK, but there are knowledge gaps that that we need to resolve. Our new AFINET project aims to bridge these gaps to help farmers overcome perceived obstacles to agroforestry for the benefit of their farming business, environment and productivity.”

The newly launched EU AFINET project proposes an innovative approach by setting up Regional Agroforestry Innovation Networks (RAINS). These are working groups formed by a balanced representation of farmers, foresters, government services and advisers who will gather together to share their knowledge and experiences about agroforestry to increase and improve current uptake.

Dr Smith said, “Agroforestry in the UK offers great potential and we already have some fantastic examples of farmers that have developed successful, innovative and profitable agroforestry projects on their land. We know that there are lots of people out there who are interested but they don’t know where to start. This is an ideal opportunity to get all these people together to share experiences and expertise and start the ball rolling.”

In the meantime, the Organic Research Centre and Abacus Agriculture will be setting up a UK RAIN with a series of practical stakeholder events to discuss and learn from each other. These events will be held on farms and will focus on gathering together existing expertise, identifying gaps, promoting innovative practices and finding solutions.”

Dr Smith and Stephen Briggs will be speaking at an on-farm agroforestry event at the GWCT Allerton Project farm at Loddington, Leicestershire on 23rd November, The event, being run in conjunction with the Woodland Trust will highlight this ground-breaking agroforestry project that has been established on the farm with funding made available through the Woodland Trust.